Wednesday, December 14, 2011

Op Report #5

Op report

Preliminary diagnosis:
1. Right hip instability with labral deficiency 
2. Capsular tear
3. Ligamentum teres tear
4. Loose body

Post operative diagnosis:
1. Right hip instability with labral deficiency 
2. Capsular tear
3. Ligamentum teres tear
4. Loose body

Name of operation:
1. Right hip arthroscopy
2. Labral repair:augmentation using semitendinosus
3. Synovectomy
4. Removal of loose bodies
5. Debridement of ligamentum teres tear
6. Capsular shift procedure 

The patient suffered from persistent right hip pain and instability secondary to ligamentum teres rupture, iliofemotal ligament and capsular tear, loose fragmentation and labral deficiency. She failed non operative measures. She had clinical, radiographic, and diagnostic studies consistent with this pathology. Given her persistent pain and lack of improvement with non operative measures, she was indicated for a right hip arthroscopy and associated procedures. 

After the patient was correctly identifies in the holding area, she was brought to the operating room. Spinal epidural anesthesia was administered  She was placed in a supine position on the traction table and approximately 10mm of distraction were achieved across the femeroacetabular joint. The right hip was then prepped and draped in a standard surgical fashion. The lateral portal was established under fluoroscopic guidance using the seldinger technique. Then, a mid anterior and a distal anterolateral accessory portal were established. The distal anterolateral  accessory portal was established as a separate incision for removal of loose fragments and also for the placement of the labral augmentation. 

Initial evaluation of the central compartment demonstrated the cartilage surfaces to be in good condition. There was scarring and deficiency of the labrum between 12:00and 3:00. There was capsular attenuation anteriorly. There was a ligamentum teres tear with chondral and osseous loose fragmentation and subtle ligamentum teres tear. At this point the ligamentum teres Debridement was performed with removal of loose fragments, the largest measured approximately 5mm and this required an anterolateral accessory portal for removal. The scar tissue and adhesions were then removed from the area of labral deficiency and the edges of the acetabular rim were clearly demarcated. A good bed of bleeding bone was prepared between 12:00 and 3:00. 

A semitendinosus allograft tendon was prepared on the back table and was inserted into the defect using multiple 1.4mm PEEK anchors. A total of 7 anchors were used to secure the graft in position and then side to side suturing of the labrum was performed to the native labrum anterior-inferiorly and posterior -superiorly.  The labrum was then contoured to a normal anterior-inferior and normal posterior-superior labrum. 

At the completion of the labral augmentation and the labral repair, removal of loose bodies, synovectomy and removal of scar tissue, all debris was evacuated from the central compartment. 

The scope was then placed in the peripheral compartment, after the release of the traction, using the mid anterior portal.  A capsular shift procedure was performed removing the distal aspect of the iliofemoral ligament to the proximal fragment using four #2 Orthocord sutures. Once this was completed and no further pathology was identified, the instruments were removed from the hip joint and it was drained of fluid and the arthroscopy portals were closed with 3-0 nylon sutures. A Marcaine cocktail was placed in the joint. The wounds were cleaned, dried and sterile dressings were applied. 

The patient was awakened from anesthesia and was brought to the PACU having tolerated the procedure without complications. 

1 comment:

niall said...

Hi Susie
I'm a 26 year old athlete, I've had a combination of groin and hip issues. I've had 2 hip scopes to sort out Osteitis Pubis symptoms. Finally I discovered I had a torn rectus abdominous. My groin has improved alot. My hip is still an issue though. I have bee told that my Labrum is quite small and it is actually fully gone in one section. I see you talkng about the labrum augmentation here, is that a success?